Upper_GI_Concerns - caffeine; slower eating, and smaller...

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Nutrition Concerns: Upper GI Problems Chewing Problems – missing or decayed teeth, bad dentures, broken jaw; consistency modified from liquid to mechanical soft (ground, chopped, or pureed); limit spicy, salty and acidic items for mouth ulcers and tonsillectomies. Swallowing Problems – dysphagia and achalasia; caused by stroke, aging, nervous system diseases and developmental disabilities; risk of aspiration leading to pneumonia; mechanical soft with individual assessment; thicken liquids. Stomach Disorders 1. Indigestion – pain in epigastric area including heartburn, hiccups,
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fullness, and acid regurgitation; avoid excessive fat, alcohol, and
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Unformatted text preview: caffeine; slower eating, and smaller meals. 2. Reflux Esophagitis acid regurgitation inflames the esophagus; can cause ulcers, bleeding, and esophageal strictures; this is the problem with hiatal hernia; avoid things that relax cardiac spincter ( fat, alcohol, onions, garlic, coffee, tea, chocolate, smoking); avoid tight clothes, and lying down after meals; lose weight 3. Gastritis lining of stomach inflamed; causes nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, and ulcers; results from medications, alcohol abuse, radiation, bacterial infection; rest the GI system several days then progress diet from liquid to liberal bland diet....
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course NURS 220 taught by Professor Mercer during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Upper_GI_Concerns - caffeine; slower eating, and smaller...

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