Week 12 Key Term List - Cranial features- will have...

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Week 12 Key Term List Miocene climate shifts in Africa (early Miocene to late Miocene) Victoriapithecus Epoch? Miocene OWM- close to the root of both subfamilies of OWMs; Kenya Bilophodont- a diet of hard fruits and seeds Y5 pattern- molars of 5 cusps separated by a Y groove; only apelike feature of the superfamily Proconsuloidea Proconsul africanus Location- East Africa (Kenya) Epoch- Miocene “Dental ape”- Y-5 dental pattern (ape-like) What does the skeletal evidence indicate? i.e. more monkey or ape-like
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Kenyapithecus- 1 st true apes belonging to superfamily Hominoidea; terrestrial quadruped Sivapithecus Location- Asia Facially like which extant primate? Modern orangutan Possible ancestor to Gigantopithecus Sahelanthropus tchadensis Date- 7 mya “toumai”- oldest hominin fossil found, but more modern human features (in Chad) bipedal? How do you know? Location of formen magnum indicates possible bipedalism How do you know if it is a hominid?
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Unformatted text preview: Cranial features- will have inferior foramen magnum position Pelvis- breadth of illium Femur- neck and distal features Shoulder Foot S-curved vertebrae- human and chimp; shape and orientation of spinal column Rib cage Phylogeny- time periods Ancestral traits- characteristics inherited by a group from a common ancestor Derived traits- characteristics that are modified from the ancestral form and are diagnostic of evolutionary relationships Homology- same characteristics because of COMMON ANCESTOR Analogy- same characteristics because of COMMON FUNCTION Species- individuals in a population that are capable of breeding, capable of producing viable offspring Speciation- the process by which a new species evolves from an earlier species; the most basic process of evolution Taxonomy (know the order) Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species...
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course ANTHRO 110 taught by Professor Goode during the Spring '08 term at University of Tennessee.

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Week 12 Key Term List - Cranial features- will have...

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