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chapter 11 ppt - Ch.11:Sexuality Howtheyareconducted...

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Ch. 11: Sexuality
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Sexual relationships develop within a  social context that establishes: What sexual relationships mean How they are conducted What social supports are given to  sexual relationships Sexuality is socially defined and  patterned.
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Sexual Orientation vs. Sexual Identity S.O.: attraction that people feel for people  of the same or different sex S.I.: definition of oneself that is formed  around one’s sexual relationships (straight,  gay, or anything in between) Sexual identity is learned in the context of  our social relationships and the social  structures in which we live.
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…natural, biological? …learned, socially determined? What would sociology say?
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1. Human sexual attitudes and behavior vary in  different cultural contexts. 2. Sexual attitudes and behavior change over  time. 3. Sexual identity is learned. 4. Social institutions channel and direct human  sexuality. 5. Sex is influenced by economic forces in  society. 6. Public policies regulate sexual and  reproductive behaviors.
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Today 59% of the public think that  “homosexual relations between consenting  adults should be legal,” compared to 43% in  1977. At the same time, 89% think “homosexuals  should have equal rights in terms of job  opportunities”.  Compare to the 1950s : “Boys Beware” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4enfUyGW  
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Young people are becoming sexually active at an earlier age. o Having only one sex partner in a lifetime is rare. o A significant number of people have extramarital sex. o A significant number of people are lesbian or gay. o Almost 2/3 of Americans report having sex a few times per month or two to three times per week.
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Functionalism Learned in the family; deviant identities contribute to social disorder.
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