Religion - Religion What is It? Religion Religion Religion...

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Religion… What is It? Religion… What is It?
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Religion Religion Institutionalized system of symbols, values, beliefs, and practices that people feel is sacred. Sociologist views religion as a belief and social institution
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Six Aspects of Religion Six Aspects of Religion Religion is institutionalized Religion is a feature of groups Religions are based on sacred beliefs Religion establishes values and moral proscriptions for behavior Religion establishes behavioral norms Religion provides answers to questions of ultimate meaning
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Religion is institutionalized Religion is institutionalized Religion is more than just beliefs Exists more than on individual level; instead religion organizational structure where members are socialized
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Religion is a feature of groups Religion is a feature of groups Religion is constructed around those who share similar beliefs
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Religions are based on beliefs that are Religions are based on beliefs that are considered sacred considered sacred Sacred - sat apart from ordinary activity for worship and seen as holy and protected by special rituals and rites. Profane - everyday world and specifically not religious Totem - object or living thing that a religious group highly regards Ex: Buddha and Christians who eat bread to represent the flesh of Jesus Christ
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Religion establishes values and moral Religion establishes values and moral proscriptions for behavior proscriptions for behavior Proscriptions of behavior are expectations of behavior in religion Ex: sex before marriage in Catholic church is considered a sin Ex: when some Catholic priests abused young boys
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Religion establishes norms for Religion establishes norms for behavior behavior In religion, social norms affect how faithful one should act in certain situations Ex: bowing your head during prayer
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Religion provides answers to questions Religion provides answers to questions of ultimate meaning of ultimate meaning Religions beliefs has supernatural element such as spiritual needs that cannot not be answered by science.
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Theories of Religion Theories of Religion Functionalist Theory : Religion is necessary for social order and cohesion and reinforces social belonging. It is an integrative force in society. Feminist Theory : Religion reiterates inequalities within society, and is used for justification for oppression. It defines group boundaries. Symbolic Interaction Theory : Religion is socially constructed and evolves because of changes in society and history. Religious rituals are symbolic activities that give group identity.
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Religious Theorists Religious Theorists Emile Durkheim - rituals reinforce social cohesion, and religion promotes what he called a collective consciousness . Rituals sustain a unifying belief system. Max Weber
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course SYG 2000 taught by Professor Joos during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Religion - Religion What is It? Religion Religion Religion...

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