Digestive Systems

Digestive Systems - Caduceus International Publishing...

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Printable Test: Digestive Systems 1. The 2nd portion (5' long) of small intestine that means to empty is the: jejunum 2. The organ that produces bile is the: liver 3. The lining of the structures in the abdominal and pelvic cavities is the: peritoneum "that which holds the lower organs" 4. The ring of muscles found in opening between stomach and duodenum is the: pyloric sphincter "gate keeper: that which binds together" 5. The tube that extends from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach and means gullet is the: eso/phagus "toward/eater" 6. The combining forms os-, or/o-, and stomato- all mean: mouth 7. "The combining form that means "small intestines” is:" enter/o- "usually refers to small intestine: Colo- big intestine" 8. The combining form that means "rectum (straight) and anus (ring)" is: proct/o- 9. The combining form for small growth is: polyp/o- "footed growth" 10. The diagnostic term that means inflammation of the stomach, intestines, and colon is: gastroenterocolitis 11. The diagnostic term that means abnormal condition of having diverticula (out-pouchings) in the colon is: diverticul/o/sis 12. The diagnostic term gingivitis means: inflammation of the gums 13. The diagnostic term chole/lith/iasis means: condition of gallstones 14. The diagnostic term that means prolapse of the rectum is: procto/ptosis 15. The diagnostic term gastro/enter/itis means: inflammation of the stomach and intestinal track. Also, the surgical opening is referred to as an iliostomy; and the incision is referred to as an iliotomy. 16. The diagnostic term for chronic inflammation of the small and/or large intestines, characterized by cobblestone ulcerations along the intestinal wall and the formation of scar tissue, is: Crohn's Disease 17. The diagnostic term for the abnormal growing together of two surfaces normally separated is: adhesion 18. The diagnostic term ulcerative colitis means: inflammation of the colon with sores 19. The diagnostic term for a psychoneurotic disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat is: anorexia nervosa 20. The diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the liver characterized by the gradual destruction of liver cells is: cirrhosis "yellow orange color produced" 21. The surgical term that means crushing a stone in the common bile duct is: choledocholith/otripsy 22. The surgical term cheil/orrhapy means: suture of the lips 23. The surgical term that means incision in to the abdominal wall is:
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Digestive Systems - Caduceus International Publishing...

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