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ARC 1701 Study Images 2009

ARC 1701 Study Images 2009 - ARC 1701 Study Guide One...

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ARC 1701 Study Guide One
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Ziggurat Temple of Nanna, Ur, Iraq c. 2100-2050 BCE
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largest complex in the city greater and more central than the king’s organization bounded fields/courtyards bent or zig-zag axis sequence of greater sanctity ziggurat mud brick with fired/baked brick exterior sealed with bitumen batter (slopes inward) panel ornament from archaic construction No straight lines but convex curves climb up the tower from the earth to await the gods from the sky Temple Complex of Nanna, Ur c. 2100-2050 BCE
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Djoser’s Funerary Complex, Saqqara, Egypt c. 2667-2648 BCE
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Djoser’s Funerary Complex, Saqqara, Egypt c. 2667-2648 BCE first monumental stone building Architect, Imhotep, was prime minister. modeled on the palace of Djoser in Memphis transform transitory materials into the eternal site of the heb sed race (renewal of the king) crowned again in north and south palace step pyramid marks the site of burial not a ziggurat, not climbed mastaba, superimposed with 5 increasingly smaller mastabas serdab room with ka statue
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Temple of Khons, Karnak, Egypt c. 1100 BCE
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Pylon Temple home of the god Four parts: pylon, courtyard, hypostyle hall, holy of holies one straight axis Can add any of 3 elements: pylon, courtyard, hypostyle hall axis is emphasized by light space is conflated as moved toward the shrine pylon represents the Nile contained by the cliffs of Upper Egypt Darkened hypostyle hall represents the swamp of Lower Egypt
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Palace at Knossos, Crete, Greece Minoan c. 1600 BCE
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Minoan Palace Architecture sited within a landscape of: north-south valley viewing a double peaked mountain with a mound within the valley. valley holds the palace palace moves out from a central void palace moves out into the landscape zoned by function no walls, sea as protection. Knossos associated with Minos and the Labyrinth
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Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis Kallikrates and Iktinos, architects 448-432 BCE
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Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis Kallikrates and Iktinos, architects 448-432 BCE major temple to Athena name derives from the backroom or adyton used as the treasury of the Delian League recognizes the relationship between Athens and Ionian cities Doric temple with Ionic details: inner frieze, columns in treasury Refinements convex curves of the horizontals strong corners: reduce intercolumnation columns lean inward Entasis
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Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens Mnesikles,architect 430’s-405 BCE
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Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens Mnesikles,architect 430’s-405 BCE Ionic temple difficult site site falls away to the north
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