India Study Guide - Architecture of India Buddhist Stupas...

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Architecture of India
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Buddhist Stupas and Halls
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Principles of Buddhism Founded by Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) The Buddha: The Enlightened One Four Noble Truths: the world is worthless; ignorance must be overcome; vain cravings could be renounced through yoga; and the true path lies between self-indulgence and self-mortification. The Eight-fold Way: right views, resolve, speech, conduct, livelihood, effort, recollection, and meditation. Goal: to be liberated from the eternal cycle of life and death. To achieve nirvanna
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Excavations at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, India founded 3 rd century BCE
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The Great Stupa at Sanchi Southern Gateway 150-50 BCE
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The Great Stupa The Buddha’s remains were into 8 parts, placed in 8 reliquaries, each encased in own burial mound or stupa Dome of dirt and rubble, faced in dressed stone, and plastered On raised and railed base: walk around clockwise in prayer upper rail: the realm of the gods at the top of the cosmic mountain
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