vocabulary - MESOPOTAMIANTERMS apadana. batter. citadel....

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MESOPOTAMIAN TERMS: apadana.   a royal audience hall of ancient Persia. batter.   the inclined face of a wall. citadel.   an elevated fortress or stronghold. hypostyle hall .   a many columned-hall of forest-like appearance. lamassu.   a Mesopotamian threshold guardian figure. ziggurat.   a Mesopotamian temple-tower in the form of a truncated pyramid built in  diminishing stages, each stage being reached by ramps. EGYPTIAN TERMS: cenotaph.   "empty tomb."  a monument to a person buried elsewhere. clerestory.   the elevated range of windows in a wall that rises above adjacent roofs. mastaba.   an ancient Egyptian flat-topped, rectangular tomb with battered sides. obelisk.   a tall square stone shaft, usually of one piece, tapering upward and ending in  a pyramidal tip. spur wall.   a short wall that projects at a right angle from the main wall. Four parts of a pylon temple:  pylon, forecourt, hypostyle hall, sanctuary. AEGEAN TERMS: corbelling.   parallel masonry layers, each projecting beyond the layer below.
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cyclopean masonry.   masonry (stonework) that uses huge irregular stones laid without  mortar. labyrinth.   a maze. megaron.   the principal hall of a Minoan or Mycenean palace, rectangular in plan, with  a circular central hearth, and a front porch formed by the prolongation of the side walls. mortise and tenon.   a wood-joining method in which a projecting tongue (tenon) of one  member is fitted into a hole (mortise) of corresponding shape in another member.
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