Anthropology Review 2

Anthropology Review 2 - AnthropologyReview2 Chapter 6...

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Anthropology Review 2 Chapter 6 Social organization o Bands: small, highly mobile groups (10-50 at most) o Tribes: combined bands usually organized under a “big man” or “chief” (largely neutral) o Villages: pertinent residence, chiefdom o City-state: centralized government Modes of production o Foraging: highly mobile, small bands, as things become available they move into those areas o Hunting: follow (migrate) with the animals for resources o Domestication: (taming) is the process whereby a population of animals or plants, through a process of selection, becomes accustomed to human provision and control o Horticulture: Semi-permanent residence patterns, “swidden” or slash and burn, technologies emerge but storge can be an issue. Also the industry and science of plant cultivation including the process of preparing soil for the planting of seeds o Agriculture: small scale, intensive, permanent residence, population growth , need changes in the social organization o Pastoralism: livestock, products; meat, milk hides, wool o Market Economy: selling or trading the produced goods o Mobility: mobile groups have access to more resources seasonally o Sedentism: sedentary groups have more interest in the resources, developing ownership or rights
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o Mobility vs. Sedentary: semi permanent residence patterns allow groups to move in and out of resource areas
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Anthropology Review 2 - AnthropologyReview2 Chapter 6...

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