Poly Sci Final Review

Poly Sci Final Review - Political Science Final Review...

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Political Science Final Review Judicial Review: the power to declare congressional (and presidential) acts invalid because they violate the Constitution. Criminal Cases: a court case involving a crime or violation of public order. Civil Cases: a court case that involves a private dispute arising from such matters as accidents, contractual obligations, and divorce. Common/Judge-made Law: legal precedents derived from previous judicial decisions. U.S. District Courts: courts within the lowest tier of the three-tiered federal court system; a court where litigation begins. U.S. Courts of Appeals: courts within the second tier of the three-tiered federal court system, to which decisions of the district courts and federal agencies may be appealed for review. Precedent: a judicial ruling that serves as the basis for the ruling in a subsequent case. Stare Decisis: literally “let the decision stand” decision making according to precedent. Original Jurisdiction: the authority of a court to hear a case before any other court does. Appellate Jurisdiction: the authority of a court to hear cases that have been tried, decided, or reexamined in other courts. Federal Question: an issue covered by the U.S. constitution, national laws, or treaties.
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Docket: a court’s agenda. Rule of Four: an unwritten rule that requires at least four justices to agree that a case warrants consideration before it is reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court. Marbury v. Madison: established the power to declare congressional acts invalid if they violate the constitution. Amicus Curiae Brief: a brief filed (with the permission of the court) by an individual or group that is not a party to a legal action but has an interest in it. Judicial Restraint:
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Poly Sci Final Review - Political Science Final Review...

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