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Psychology Defined - PsychologyDefined Lecture1 23:55...

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Psychology Defined 23:55 Lecture 1 1/7/10 Psychology The scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior o Reflects the influences of Biological processes Individual differences Everyone feels pain different  H1N1 shot Time and Culture The way psych is taught has changed over time Now we know about autism 4 Goals of Psych Describe behavior o Eating nachos in a group Everyone eats more so they can get the most nachos Understand and explain the cause of behavior Predict behaviors/reactions across situations Control behavior through understanding its causes and consequences
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o Woman yells fire vs. yelling rape Sample      of psych perspectives (must know all perspectives in book) Biological perspective o Understand mind and behavior through biological processes in the brain o Electrical and chemical processes and neurons o Localization of function Phineas Gage Lived with different personality after rod went through his head Psychodynamic Perspective Conscious and unconscious forces determine behavior Behavior as an interplay between thoughts and feelings  Mental processes can conflicts o Angel vs. devil on shoulders o “Freudian slip” Behaviorist perspective The environmental impact on a person’s actions Observe behavioral responses Classical conditioning o 2 stimuli are paired together The Office clip Jim puts an altoid and sound together so Dwight wants an altoid  each time he hears that sound
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Operant conditioning  o When rewarded we repeat to be rewarded again o When punished we do not repeat because we do not want to be punished  again Social learning theory o Aggressive modeling Bandura Bobo Doll Adult hits the doll so child does also Child finds more ways to hurt the doll o Ex. Using guns Cognitive perspective Mental processes involved in knowing Focus on storage and retrieval of information Mind is like a computers o Hitting the save buttons Evolutionary Perspective Evolving Natural selection Enhanced reproductive success Humanistic Humans are free, rational beings in control of their own destiny and are driven  toward personal growth Positive psychology: focus on the adaptive, creative and positive aspects of the  human experiences (Seligman, Peterson,…)
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Look at subjective experiences of positive emotions:  o Contentment, happiness and optimism Identity positive traits o Kindness, caring, resilience  The Blind Side Explore social elements of adaptive and positive functioning o Families, communities, work environment Nine areas of research study Graph shown in book Developmental o
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