Psych Exam 2 Readings

Psych Exam 2 Readings - Psych Exam 2 Readings Chapter 1...

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Psych Exam 2 Readings Chapter 1 Clinical psychologist: PHD psych, research and clinical specialization Counseling- PHD in psych and marital or student counseling School psychologist- doctoral training in child psychology Psychiatrist- MDs completed residency Psychoanalyst- MD or PHD who received intensive extended training in theory Clinical Social Worker- M.S.W or PHD in social work Psychiatric Nurse- RN certification plus specialized training in care and treatment of psychiatric clients Occupational therapist-BS in occupational therapy and internship Pastoral counselor- ministerial background plus training in psych Community mental health worker- person with limited professional training who works under professional direction; crisis intervention Alcohol or drug abuse counselor- limited professional training but educated in the evaluation and management of alcohol and drug abuse problems Acute- short in duration Chronic-long in duration Etiology- causes of disorders -research protects investigators from their own biases in perception and inference Methodology- scientific processes and procedures we use to conduct research -the foundation of psychological knowledge stems from observation Generalizability- case studies do not have, cannot be used to draw conclusions about other cases even when those cases involve people with seemingly similar abnormality -case studies can provide limited support for a particular theory or provide negative evidence for a new idea *most importantly case studies can be a valuable source of new ideas and serve as a stimulus for research -self report data: questionnaires, or interviews -sometimes misleading, people may not be good reporters of their own subjective experience -observational data: tells us something we want to know using a variable relevant to our interest -clinical research involves a mix of self report and observational methods -observing behavior, careful scrutiny of the conduct and manner of specific individuals -research is all about asking questions -hypothesis are vital because they frequently determine the therapeutic approaches used to treat a particular clinical problem -ideally you want small sample to mirror a larger group -external validity: can generalize our findings beyond the study itself -internal validity: how confident we are in the results of the study -observational research does not involve any manipulation of variables -strength of correlation is measured my correlation coefficient - 3 rd variable problem: some unknown third variable causing both events to happen
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-retrospective research: want to learn what our patients were like before they developed a specific disorder: challenge is the potential for memories to be both faulty and selective -prospective research: involves looking ahead in time, identify individuals who have higher than average likelihood of becoming psychologically disordered and focus attention on them before anything manifests -longitudinal research: follows people over time and tries to identify factors that predate the
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Psych Exam 2 Readings - Psych Exam 2 Readings Chapter 1...

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