Study Guide for Chapter 10 and 11

Study Guide for Chapter 10 and 11 - 03:21...

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03:21 Chapter 10  Pages 373- 380 A developmental Perspective on Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality The number of antisocial behaviors exhibited in childhood is the single best  predictor of who will develop an adult diagnosis of ASPD (antisocial  personality disorder) What causes some children to be more susceptible than others to the adverse  effects of such environmental influences (family factors, such as poor parental  supervision, physical abuse, neglect, etc)? o Children with an early history of OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER  are most likely to develop ASPD as adults FIRST EARLY DIAGNOSIS TO ASPD  Oppositional Defiant  Disorder  characterized by a pattern of hostile and defiant behavior  toward authority figures that begins by age 6, follower by early-onset  conduct disorder around age 9 SECOND EARLY DIAGNOSIS TO ASPD  Attention Deficit/  Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)  characterized by restless, inattentive,  and impulsive behavior, a short attention span, and high distractibility o Children without the pathological background who develop conduct  disorder in adolescence do not usually become lifelong antisocial  personalities but instead have problems largely limited to adolescent year Life Course Persistent  Antisocial behavior that originates in early life when  the difficult behavior of a high risk young child is exacerbated by a high risk  social environment o The child’s risk emerges from inherited or acquired neuropsychological  variation: difficult temperament or hyperactivity o The environment’s risk comprises factors such as inadequate parenting,  disrupted family bonds and poverty Socio-cultural Variables that contribute to the Probability that a child will  develop conduct disorder and later ASPD o Parents’ antisocial behavior o Divorce and other parental transitions o Poverty o Crowded inner city neighborhoods
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o Parental stress CHART on PAGE 375 Two dimensions of children’s difficult temperament that lead to different  development outcomes o Some children have trouble regulating their emotion and show high levels  of emotional reactivity, including aggressive and antisocial behavior when  responding to stressful demands and negative emotions like frustration  and anger Increased risk of developing ASPD  o Some children show fearlessness and low anxiety, unemotional traits and  reduced activation of the amygdala while responding to fearful facial  expressions Most likely to show poor development of conscience, and their  aggressive behaviors are more instrumental rather than reactive, High  risk of lack of empathy, show low fear
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course PSYCH 270 taught by Professor Chang during the Fall '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Study Guide for Chapter 10 and 11 - 03:21...

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