Test 1 - 18:52 Introductiontothepsychodynamicperspective

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18:52 Introduction to the psychodynamic perspective Psychodynamic perspective: focuses on unconscious intrapsychic forces  o Basic principles Psychic determinism (Freudian slips) True motives are unconscious Importance of early childhood experiences Sigmund Freud: father of psychoanalysis Basic concepts of Freudian theory Depth Hypothesis o All mental activity occurs unconsciously o Disturbing material are pushed out from conscious awareness to our  unconscious  Importance of Interpretation o Intrapsychic motives must be interpreted in order to be revealed or made  known o Dreams represented the “royal road” to the unconscious and have at least  two key functions: wish fulfillment and release of unconscious tension Manifest content: what actually happened (falling off a mountain) Latent content: what it means (feeling a lack of control) The Structural Hypnosis o Drives Eros vs. Thanatos o Id, Ego, Superego
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Id: represents base instinctual drive Operates on the pleasure principle Ego: mediates between id and superego Operates on the reality principle Superego: represents social/moral ideals of parents/society Intrapsychic conflict: id vs. superego  anxiety and neurosis Defense Mechanisms o Repression: unwanted impulses pushed into unconscious o Projection: unacceptable impulses are attributed to others (think boyfriend  is cheating because you want to cheat) o Displacement: transferring unacceptable impulses to safe objects (instead  of hitting someone you hit a pillow) o Reaction formation: expression of safer feelings, typically the opposite of  how one really is feeling inside (saying something is ok when it is not to  keep a relationship) o Regression: returning to an earlier childhood stage o Sublimation: transforming unacceptable impulses into socially acceptable  behaviors Freud’s stages of psychosexual development o The psyche develops parallel to the development of different erogenous  zones o Libido: psychic energy (born with a fixed amount)  o Fixation: process of investing too much energy to any particular activity Oral stage (focus on independence) Anal Stage (focus on control) Phallic stage ( around the age of 5) Boys
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Oedipus complex: kill dad, possess mom Castration anxiety: fear that dad will physically punish son Girls Electra complex: possess dad Penis envy: wants to be like dad Latency stage Genital Stage (focus on healthy heterosexual relations) Evaluation of the Psychodynamic Perspective Pros o First systematic psychological approach to understanding abnormal  behavior o Promotion of self-knowledge/insight o No one is immune to mental disturbance
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Test 1 - 18:52 Introductiontothepsychodynamicperspective

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