Test 4 - Test4 19:50 SexualDisorders...

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Test 4 19:50 Sexual Disorders Defining Sexual Abnormality Partly determined by religious and cultural beliefs (American Psychiatric  Association dropped homosexuality as a disorder) Sexual Dysfunction: related to problems during normal sexual response cycle or  pain during intercourse Sexual Desire Disorders (related to phase 1: desire phase) o Hypoactive sexual desire disorder: lack interest  o Sexual aversion: active avoidance due to fear or disgust Sexual Arousal Disorder (related to phase 2: excitement phase) o Male erectile disorder (aka impotence): no physiological change related to  sexual arousal Check with plethysmograph (is this the band)  Plethysmograph is a device for measuring  and recording changes  in the body o Female sexual arousal disorders Orgasmic Disorder (related to phase 3: orgasmic phase) o Premature ejaculation o Male or female orgasmic disorder: orgasm is delayed or absent Sexual Pain Disorder o Dyspareunia: experience of pain during intercourse o Vaginismus: involuntary spasms that make intercourse difficult for women  (men can also experience this) Perspectives on Sexual Dysfunction Psychodynamic
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o Due to unresolved oedipal and electra complex Behavioral o Learned anxiety Spectator role: excessive worrying rather than enjoyment due to  inappropriate focus Treatment: sensate focusing Have them touch each other skins which is intimate  Cognitive o Faulty schema (Madonna: whore complex) Biological o Organic/chemical causes (alcoholism) Paraphilias Deviant sexual patterns Abnormal when pattern or focus becomes the primary means of a person’s  sexual arousal Fetishism : sexual gratification from inanimate objects (ranging from shoes to  dresses) o Involves both the object and inordinate attraction to it  Transvestism : sexual gratification from wearing clothes of the opposite sex  (drag queen) o No more prone to psychological disturbance than general populations o Most live quiet lives o Related to  autogynephilia  (fantasy of being a woman) Exhibitionism : sexual gratification from exposing one’s private parts  (perpetrators are typically young adult men) o Most exhibitionists are shy, submissive, and immature; often not  dangerous
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o Derive pleasure from shocking others Voyeurism : “peeking Toms” o Invasion of person’s privacy Triolism : deriving sexual pleasure from watching other people have  sex  o Derive pleasure form risk of getting caught Sadism  and  Masochism o Sadism: gratification from inflicting pain o Masochism: gratification from receiving pain o o
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Test 4 - Test4 19:50 SexualDisorders...

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