Test 5 - Test5 21:17 o o Unlikewithadults,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Test 5 21:17 Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence General group of disorders marked by: o Divergence from usual path of development o Unlike with adults, children typically unable to detect deviance or unusual  distress (major assumption) Difficult to determine what is normal or abnormal in this population Issues in Childhood pathology Prevalence o 1 out of 5 show moderate to severe signs  o disturbances occur more in boys than in girls (hormones, situation-reaction  model) Categories (DSM IV) o Disruptive behavior disorders o Disorders of emotional distress o Habit disorder o Learning and communication disorders Disruptive Behavior Disorders Common symptom is poor or lack of self-control Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) o Poor attention and self-control o More boys than girls o 3-5% in elementary school children
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o subtypes o linked to antisocial behavior in later adolescence o comorbidity: about 86% of children with conduct disorder, also meet  criteria for ADHD Conduct Disorder: reckless, cruel behavior, and indifference to rights of others o 4%-16% in children and adolescence o many from disorganized and unhappy homes o again, boys are at greater risk than girls o Aggression against people or animals o Destruction of property o Deceitfulness or theft o Other serious violation of rules (e.g., running away) Disorders of emotional distress: internalizing disorders; limited by communicative  skills and abilities of the child Anxiety Disorders o Separation anxiety: intense fear when separated from a parent o Common in most children (4%-13% persist) o Fear often involves something horrible happening Social Phobia: intense evaluative fear from other’s judgments o Again common at earlier age, and outgrown by age 3 o Often well adjusted at home, but withdrawn at school Generalized Anxiety Disorder: doubting of their capabilities Childhood Depression: similar to symptom presentation found in adults
Background image of page 2
Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa: self-starvation associated with intense fear of gaining  weight o 85-95% are women, usually 12-18 years of age o about 5% dies from the disorder o dramatic sign in emaciation; according to DSM IV, disorder is present  when body weight is 85% of normal need to consider cultural factors  o intense fear of being fat o unrealistic body image (linked to perfectionism) o associated with amenorrhea in women (i.e., disruption or absence of usual  menstrual period) Bulimia Nervosa: uncontrollable eating and purging  o Based on self-esteem grounded in body shape  Childhood Obesity o 20% in childhood and adolescence Elimination Disorders Enuresis: lack of bladder control
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

Test 5 - Test5 21:17 o o Unlikewithadults,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online