Absolutism

Absolutism - Absolutism in France 2/8/11 I. II. III. IV. V....

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Absolutism in France 2/8/11 I. Absolutism Defined - Idea that the ruler makes the law by himself and is above the law - France is where absolutism reached its pinnacle - Brought to its pinnacle by 3 kings: Henry IV, Louis XIII, and Louis XIV II. France had 4 advantages that made it easier for absolutism to succeed - France is tightly compacted together - French kings tended to be long-lived and competent - Unlike most of Europe, France did not experience much religious strife; remained mostly Catholic - During the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1454) between France and England, Joan d’ Arc led the French soldiers to victory III. Threats - Habsburgs - Huguenots (French Protestants) - High nobility IV. All of the king’s had great advisors (“King’s ministers”; “prime ministers”) - Henry IV and Sully - Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu - Louis XIV and Cardinal Mazarin and Colbert V. Henry IV (reign: 1589-1610) - Came to power in 1589 after his father, Henry III, was killed during the religious warfare between Catholics and Protestants that lasted from the 1550s to early 1590s - Was a Huguenot who converted to Catholicism in order to gain approval to rule
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course HIST 1003 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Absolutism - Absolutism in France 2/8/11 I. II. III. IV. V....

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