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Unformatted text preview: Enlightenment Lecture Notes 2/15/11 • Defined:- In 1784, Emanu el Kant, Prussian philosopher, wrote in his ess ay “What is the Enlighten m e n that the e nlight en m e nt is a m a n’s releas e from his self-imposed tutelage (letting others, i.e Church, think for him)- Included the very first g en eration of thinkers who att e m pt ed to discover a nd d escribe laws hu m an b eh avior • Ideas of the philosophes (thinkers of the Enlighten m ent) 1. Natural Law- Law of n ature for hu m an beh avior- We should be a ble to d erive from nature the way p eople ought to b eh ave a. Lisbon e arthqu ake in Nov. 1755 showed that natural disast ers/nature is a m or al 2. Empiricism- Idea that we know what we know from experiences a. John Locke- first to acknowledge this idea with his “blank slate” theory b. Bishop Berkeley- Anglican bishop of England who questioned empiricism by claiming that our senses can sometimes play tricks on us; experiences aren’t accurate way of explaining how we...
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- Spring '08