The Reformation in England

The Reformation in England - The Reformation in England...

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The Reformation in England 2/1/11 Tudor Family Henry VII Arthur (m) Catherine of Aragon Henry (m) Catherine (1509-1533)=Mary (1516) Henry (m) Ann (1533-1547)=Elizabeth (1533) I. Henry VII New to throne in 1500 First Tudor to rule England Sought out Catherine, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, to marry his son, Arthur Arthur died before producing any heir Henry VII sends Cardinal Wosley to Rome to buy dispensation from Pope to allow Catherine to marry her brother-in-law, Henry, in 1509 Henry VII dies soon afterward, making his son Henry VIII in 1509 II. Henry VIII Henry and Catherin had several children; only one survived whose name was Mary , born in 1516 Henry was worried because women were not known to be great leaders (even though Catherine’s mother, Isabella, was a great leader of Spain) Henry saw several alternatives: 1. Mary marries a ruler from elsewhere; no ruler to be found 2. Henry should legitimize a bastard son, but the son soon dies 3. Get rid of Catherine by requesting that she turn to nunnery, to which she refuses Henry sends Wosley to Church for annulment on basis that he shouldn’t have been permitted to marry Catherine Wosley meets Medici Pope of Italy, Clement VII , who is more worried Francis I ( King of France attempting to take control of Italy) and Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor and nephew of Henry’s wife, Catherine) Wosley returns without the annulment, and in 1529, Henry dismisses Wosley and hires as his new chief advisor, Thomas More Thomas Cranmer , Archbishop of Canterbury, suggests to Henry that he should submit a question of his marriage to Oxford, Cambridge, and Paris university scholars, who all rule that the marriage was wrong In 1533, Henry illegitimately “divorces” Catherine and marries Anne Boleyn , who gives birth to a daughter, named Elizabeth Because of his sins (polygamy) Clement must excommunicate Henry; however, he makes a deal to make changes that would give Parliament more power if they agreed to help him He then begins to make monumental changes in England: 1. Act of Supremacy: Henry is declared protector and only supreme head of the Church and clergy - Decisive break with Rome - Every official/nobleman required to take an oath before Henry; Thomas More refuses, accused of treason, and executed
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2. Confiscated all land of the Church and divided it between him and Parliament
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The Reformation in England - The Reformation in England...

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