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Unformatted text preview: Module 1: The Story of Psychology What is Psychology? Psychology : the science of behavior and mental processes o Involves humans and animals o Psychologists differ in importance placed on specific types of behavior Objective observation : behaviors we can directly see or observe; can be directly measured Subjective observation : behaviors we cant directly see or observe; things that must be inferred Psychologys Roots- Historical Perspectives Structuralism participants must describe everything that they feel o Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)- father of modern psychology o Structuralist- a psychologist who studied the basic elements that make up conscious mental experience o Introspection- a method of self-observation in which participants report their thoughts and feelings (not a sufficient way of finding out what is going on in our minds) o Early Psychology Experiment- Wundt et al. measured the time lag between hearing a sound a pressing a telegraph key (studying reaction time, found it took about 1/10 of a second; some say its the first psych experiment) Historical- Functionalism o William James (1842-1910)- first American psychologist o Functionalist- a psychologist who studied the function (rather than the structure) of consciousness o ALL activities of the mind serve one function: to help us survive as a species...
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- Spring '08