psych--week 5

psych--week 5 - Introduction to Psychology: Developing...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction to Psychology: Developing through the Life Span Developmental Psychology Developmental Psychology : branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span 3 Major Issues: o Nature/Nurture : explains how genetics and behavior shape things o Continuity/Stages o Stability/Change : concerns whether our age affect personality Module 13: Prenatal Development and the Newborn Conception Single sperm cell (male) penetrates outer coating of egg (female) and fuses to form a fertilized cell Prenatal Development Zygote : fertilized egg cell; cells divide rapidly for 1 st two weeks after conception and begin to differentiate.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Embryo : developing human organism from 2 – 9 weeks after conception; cells differentiate and divide and specialize for different functions Fetus : developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth Teratogens Teratogens : agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm o Examples: HIV, heroin, smoke, alcohol Fetal Alcohol Syndrome : physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman’s heavy drinking The Competent Newborn Habituation : decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulations o 4 month olds showed habituation to a series of cat pictures and looked longer at the novel dog stimulus Newborns tend to look away when they see something familiar. Newborns prefer human faces and patterns Module 14: Infancy and Childhood Physical and Motor Development
Background image of page 2
Maturation : biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience o Sitting unsupported – 6 months o Crawling 8-9 months o Beginning to walk – 12 months o Walking independently – 15 months Physical Development: Maturation and Memory Infants can form memories, but they don’t last Average age of earliest lasting memory: 3.5 years Examples they remember: o Moving o 3rd or 4th birthday party Cognitive Development: Schemas Schema : a conceptual framework that organizes and interprets information Assimilation : interpreting our new experience in terms of our existing schemas Accommodation : adapting our current schemas to incorporate new information Cognitive Development: Object Permanence : a child’s realization that an object exists even when he or she cannot see or touch it
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o (ex) At 8 months of age what is out of sight is not out of mind. Representational Thought
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course PSYCH 2000 taught by Professor Domangue during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 14

psych--week 5 - Introduction to Psychology: Developing...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online