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history p.90-92 - of superior talent ii If humans act in...

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Alison Lindsay 1/26/09 Outline pages 90-92 1. Zhou accomplishments a. 6th-3 rd c.- economic growth and technological change i. Irrigation 1. Increased food production 2. Iron- plowshares a. Land availability b. China’s population rose b. Growth of trade and manufacturing (silk) c. Chinese written language i. Pictographs- picture symbols, or characters, that represent objects ii. Ideographs- characters that combine two or more pictographs to represent an idea iii. Sound associated with each Chinese character 2. Chinese Philosophy a. 500-200BC b. Material world and creating a stable society c. Confucianism- the system of Confucian ideas i. Confucius- first teacher; master Kung 1. Born in 551BC 2. Wanted to be a political advisor 3. Upset by the violence and moral decay of his era 4. Attempt to persuade political leaders to follow his ideas 5. Recorded his words in the Analects 6. Philosophy was political and ethical, not spiritual 7. Died in 479 BC
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8. Lived during the age of perfection 9. Key ideas looked forward- the government system should be open to all men
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Unformatted text preview: of superior talent ii. If humans act in harmony with the universe, then their own affairs would prosper iii. Two elements of the Dao 1. Duty a. People had to subordinate their own interests to the broader needs of the family and community b. Five Constant Relationships i. Parent (loving) and child (revere their parents) ii. Husband (fulfill their duties) and wife (obedient) iii. Older sibling (kind) and younger sibling (respectful) iv. Older friend (considerate) and younger friend (deferential) v. Ruler (benevolent) and subject (loyal) c. Work ethic- if each individual worked hard to fulfill his or her duties, then the affairs of society as a whole would prosper as well d. The ruler must set a good example- if the king followed the path of goodness, the subjects would respect him, and society will prosper 2. Humanity a. Compassion and empathy for others b. “Do not do unto others what you would not wish done to yourself”- Confucius (92)...
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