history p.92-93 - b Laozi i Old master ii Lived around the...

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Alison Lindsay 1/27/09 Outline pages 92-93 1. Two elements of the Dao a. Duty i. People had to subordinate their own interests to the broader needs of the family and community ii. Five Constant Relationships 1. Parent (loving) and child (revere their parents) 2. Husband (fulfill their duties) and wife (obedient) 3. Older sibling (kind) and younger sibling (respectful) 4. Older friend (considerate) and younger friend (deferential) 5. Ruler (benevolent) and subject (loyal) iii. Work ethic- if each individual worked hard to fulfill his or her duties, then the affairs of society as a whole would prosper as well iv. The ruler must set a good example- if the king followed the path of goodness, the subjects would respect him, and society will prosper b. Humanity i. Compassion and empathy for others ii. “Do not do unto others what you would not wish done to yourself”- Confucius (92) 2. Daoism a. A system of ideas based on the teachings of Laozi
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Unformatted text preview: b. Laozi i. Old master ii. Lived around the same time as Confucius iii. Unknown if he really existed iv. Tao Te Ching/ The Way of the Dao c. It sets forth the proper forms of human behavior d. The way to follow the will of heaven is not through action but through inaction e. The best way to act in harmony with the universal order is not to interfere with the natural order f. “The universe is sacred. You cannot improve it. If you try to change it, you will ruin it. If you try to hold it, you will lose it.” –Lao Tsu(93) 3. Legalism a. Human beings were evil by nature b. System of impersonal laws c. A strong ruler was required to create an orderly society d. Only harsh laws and stiff punishment would cause the common people to serve the interests of the ruler e. The ruler did not have to show compassion for the people because people were not capable of being good...
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