history p.94-6

history p.94-6 - together v. Political Changes 1. Legalism...

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Alison Lindsay 1/28/09 Outline pages 94-96 1. Rise and fall of Chinese Empires a. The Qin Dynasty (221-210BC) i. 400-200BC- civil war in China ii. Qin Shihuangdi 1. The ruler of the Qin Dynasty/ “The first Qin Emperor 2. Ambitious 3. 246- came to throne at age of 13 4. A single monetary system 5. Ordered the building of system of roads throughout the entire empire 6. Capital- Xianyang 7. Foreign affairs a. Armies b. Expanded China to edge of the Yuan River c. Built a canal iii. The Emperor’s Army 1. Vast army made of terra-cotta or hardened clay a. Re-creation of his imperial guard b. More than 6,000 in the first pit with horses, wooden chariots, and 7,000 bronze weapons c. Ten different head shapes were used
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iv. The great wall 1. Xiongnu- nomadic people who lived in Gogi a. Organized loosely into tribes b. moved with the seasons c. fighting on horseback 2. The wall of Ten Thousand Li (1/3 of a mile) a. strengthen the existing system of the walls and link them
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Unformatted text preview: together v. Political Changes 1. Legalism was adopted as the regimes- the government in power- official ideology 2. Ruled a highly centralized state 3. Bureaucracy a. Civil division b. Military division c. Censorate- inspectors who checked on government officials to make sure they were doing their job 4. Two levels of administration a. Provinces b. Countries c. These officials were appointed by the emperor d. Censors watched over these officials 5. Divided the aristocrats estates among the peasants , who were taxed directly by the state a. Eliminated possible rivals b. Gained tax revenues for the central government vi. Fall of the Qin dynasty 1. People groaned under the censorship of speech, harsh taxes, and forced labor projects 2. The emperor died in died in 210BC 3. The dynasty was overthrown 4 years later 4. Civil war...
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history p.94-6 - together v. Political Changes 1. Legalism...

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