OB Study Guide 2

OB Study Guide 2 - OBTermsandOutline ,reasoning,andproblem...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
OB Terms and Outline: Chapter 2--- Foundations of Individual Behavior ability- An individual’s capacity to perform various tasks in a job. intellectual Abilities- The capacity to do mental activities-thinking, reasoning, and problem  solving. general mental ability (GMA)-An overall factor of intelligence, as suggested by the positive  corelations among specific intellectual ability dimensions.   physical abilities- The capacity to do tasks that demand stamina, dexterity, strength, and similar  characteristics. Biographical characteristics- Personal characteristics such as age, gender, race, and length of  tenure—that are objective and easily obtained from personnel records. Learning- A relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience Classical conditioning- Atype of conditioning in which an individual responds to some stimulus  that would not ordinarily produce such a response.  (ie. Ringing a bell causing a dog to salivate  in participation of food) Operant conditioning- A type of conditioning in which a desired voluntary behavior leads to  reward or prevents a punishment.  Behaviorism- A theory that argues that behavior follows stimuli in a relatively unthinking manner.  People learn to associate stimulus and response, but their ocnscious awareness of this  association is irrelevant.  Social Learning Theory- The view that people can learn through observation and direct  experience.  It is an extension of operant conditioning, but also acknowledges the existence of  observational learning and the importance of perception of learning 1. Attentional processes- People learn from a model only when they recognize and pay  attention to its critical features.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2. Retention processes- a model’s influence depends on how well the individual  remembers the model’s action after the model is no longer readily available. 3. Motor reproduction processes-after a person has seen a new behavior by observing  the model, the watching must be converted to doing. 4. Reinforcement processes-Individuals are motivated to exhibit the modeled behavior if  positive incentives or rewards are provided Shaping behavior- systematically reinforcing each successive step that moves an individual  closer to the desired response.   Continuous reinforcement- reinforcing a desired behavior each time it is demonstrated. Intermittent reinforcement- reinforcing a desired behavior often enough to make the behavior  worth repeating but not every time it is demonstrated. Fixed-interval schedule- spacing rewards at uniform time intervals.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course BUAD 304 at USC.

Page1 / 30

OB Study Guide 2 - OBTermsandOutline ,reasoning,andproblem...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online