Epilepsy[1]

Epilepsy[1] - What is Epilepsy?...

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What is Epilepsy? • Epilepsy  is a brain disorder in which groups of  nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain sometimes  signal abnormally. • It is a condition of recurrent seizures • It is also a sudden sensation, alertness, or  behavior due to an electrical disturbance .
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Why Does it Develop? • Epilepsy may develop because of an  abnormality in brain wiring, an imbalance of  nerve signaling chemicals called  neurotransmitters, or some-type of  combination of these factors.
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The Physiology Behind it… Neurotransmitters generally have one of two special functions: One type is responsible for encouraging cell-to-cell communication and is referred to as an "excitatory" neurotransmitter. The second type is able to slow down, or even stop cell-to-cell communication and is called an "inhibitory" neurotransmitter. In some cases of epilepsy, overactivity of excitatory neurotransmitters or underactivity of inhibitory neurotransmitters may lead to seizure activity by allowing an uncoordinated flow of electrical activity in the brain.
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And… • Many types of  brain abnormalities  can also be  responsible for producing seizure activity.  • Abnormal discharges may spread to other cells  in a local area or to remote areas of the brain,  resulting in intermittent  disturbance  in the  brain's normal functions .
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What are The Causes? Causes can be: genetics, heredity, brain tumors, viral infections, head trauma from accidents or falls, alcoholism, Alzheimer’s disease, trauma during birth, strokes, heart attacks, high blood pressure, AIDS, poison or environmental conditions, nicotine from cigarette smoke, overmedicating from certain types of drugs, hormonal changes and even lack of sleep.
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The Statistics Epilepsy and seizures affect almost 3 million Americans of all ages , at an estimated annual cost of $15.5 billion in direct and indirect costs.
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Epilepsy[1] - What is Epilepsy?...

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