Term Paper - ADHD 1 Running head: ADHD Attention Deficit...

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Unformatted text preview: ADHD 1 Running head: ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Jonathan I. Sullivan DeVry University PSYC 110 Dr. Donald W. Eaker ADHD 2 Introduction ADHD Stands for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD.) ADHD is a condition of the brain that affects a person's ability to pay attention. It is most common in school-age children. Scientific studies, using advanced neuroimaging techniques of brain structure and function, show that the brains of children with ADHD are different from those of other children. These children handle neurotransmitters (including dopamine, serotonin, and/or adrenalin) differently from their peers. ADHD, once called hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction, is one of the most common mental disorders among children. It affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, perhaps as many as 2 million American children. Two to three times more boys than girls are affected. On the average, at least one child in every classroom in the United States needs help for the disorder. ADHD often continues into adolescence and adulthood, and can cause a lifetime of frustrated dreams and emotional pain. (NIMH, 2000) ADHD is present in children with average ability and in those who are gifted. I t affects boys and girls, but is more prevalent in boys. Most often, these children appear restless and fidgety, but some children appear lethargic, shy, and withdrawn. They may shout out answers in class or respond reluctantly after prodding by the teacher. Work is often incomplete and disorganized. At times, some children appear to be in their own little world and are often falsely accused of not t rying hard enough, of being lazy, or of just not caring. Social and emotional problems are common. They may be rejected by their peers. Academic difficulties, behavioral problems, low, self-esteem, aggressiveness, and, at times depression may occur. Attention deficit disorder is not just a problem in children. If you were diagnosed with childhood ADD/ADHD, chances are, youve carried at least some of the symptoms into adulthood. But even if you were never diagnosed with ADD/ADHD as a child, that doesnt mean you cant be affected by it as an adult. (Adult ADD/ ADHD) Students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience serious academic deficits. One area that is particularly problematic ADHD 3 is written expression. The cause of ADHD is unknown, although there appears to be a genetic component in some cases. Intake of sugars, preservatives, and artificial flavorings is no longer considered to be a factor. It has been shown that people with ADHD have less activity in areas of the brain that control attention. Treatment usually includes behavioral therapy and emotional counseling combined with medications such as methylphenidate hydrochloride (Ritalin) or dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) that correct chemical imbalances in the brain; over the long term, however, such medications do not appear to offer any benefits. Symptoms may however, such medications do not appear to offer any benefits....
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course NCM 545 taught by Professor Matter during the Spring '11 term at DeVry Oak Brook.

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Term Paper - ADHD 1 Running head: ADHD Attention Deficit...

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