History Midterm - Who Red Cloud: Sioux Chief, signed Treaty...

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Who Red Cloud: Sioux Chief, signed Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868, soon regretted his decision because of the contradicting agreements in the treaty Crazy Horse: Chief of the Ogalala band, refused to sign the treaty, didn’t want anything to do with the “piecemeal penning”, stopped General George Crook at the Battle of the Rosebud, and led warriors against General Custer Sitting Bull: Chief of the Hunkpapa, refused to sign the treaty, led warriors against General Custer in the Battle of Little Big Horn, won on account of knowing the geographic area, soon tracked down by Gibbon and surrendered four years later after being on a ghost run George A. Custer: Cowboy, Propagandist for the West, Battle of Little Big Horn, eulogized by Walt Whitman, was made a hero in the eyes of American people, worked with The Northern Pacific to discover what was out west Plenty Coups: Crow Chief who allied with the U.S. only because he saw it as the only way to save the land for themselves, because of this they got to stay on their homelands and avoided being shipped to reservations Chief Joseph: Nez Perce leader, 1863 treaty caused Nez Perce land was drastically reduced, refused to sign treaty and move to reservations, led people in fleeing towards Canada, but were caught up with and stopped, and Chief Joseph surrendered Geronimo: Respected shaman (medicine man) of the Chiricahua Apache, refused to stay at San Carlos (reservation), led raiding parties in the 1880s, attacked ranches to gain ammunition and horses, evaded armies for a long time until 1886 and agreed to march north and negotiate a settlement, were sent to Florida as prisoners, their plight sparked public opinion, became a celebrity, rode in President Theodore Roosevelt’s inaugural parade Wovoka: claimed of having a vision in which the Great Spirit spoke through him to all Indians, prophesying that if they would unite in the Ghost Dance ritual, whites would be destroyed in an apocalypse Buffalo soldiers: African Americans who went west, formed all-black communities such as Nicodemas, Kansas: black soldiers who served in the West during the Indian wars often stayed on as settlers, called “buffalo soldiers” because Native Americans thought their hair resembled that of the buffalo, these black troops numbered up to 25,000: the army pitted people of color against one another, using black soldiers to fight the Apache in Arizona Territory and help to subdue the Sioux in the Dakotas Brigham Young: Mormons faced prejudice and hostility; Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon church, fled west to avoid religious persecution; believed they had a divine right to the land, and their messianic militancy contributed to them being outcasts; practice of polygamy was a point of attack; after Smith was killed in 1844, Young led the flock; fled to the Utah Territory Exodusters: African American freed people who were able to pull together enough resources to go west, and moved from Mississippi and Louisiana to take up land in Kansas
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William F. Cody: Buffalo Bill had panned for gold, ridden for the Pony Express, scouted for the army,
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History Midterm - Who Red Cloud: Sioux Chief, signed Treaty...

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