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301-Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Chapter Conceptualizing...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Chapter Conceptualizing Relational Conceptualizing Communication: Communication: Definitions, Principles, and Definitions, Relational Messages Relational Communication is . . . Communication the process the by which meanings are exchanged through information sent and received. sent Building a Building Communication Model Historical Development of Communication Perspectives Perspectives Action Perspective Action Views communication as an “act” Something I do to someone else Something to Focuses on how we use symbols Focuses to influence thought and action to Prescriptive in nature Interaction Perspective Interaction Views communication as the Views process of reciprocal role-taking process The goal is the merger of self and The merger other through feedback other Allows us to measure cause Allows and effect and Predictive in nature Transaction Perspective Transaction Views communication as a “system” Views or a “whole” or No attempt to delineate the parts or No to study the process at any single point in time point A change in any part of the change any system prompts a change in all parts of the system all Explanative in nature A Brief History Brief The field of personal relationships The evolved areas: from research in several • Interpersonal communication research Interpersonal started in the 1960s and 1970s. started • At around the same time, social At psychologists examined such topics as attraction, love, and social exchange. attraction, • Scholars in family studies, sociology, Scholars developmental psychology, clinical psychology, humanistic psychology, and anthropology also contributed to research Defining Relationships Defining Role Relationships are: • Functional • Casual • Involve limited behavioral interdependence Interpersonal Relationships involve: involve: • Some level of mutual influence beyond Some simple behavioral interdependence simple • Unique communication • Repeated interaction Defining Relationships Close or Intimate Relationships include all the features of interpersonal ll relationships plus: relationships • • • Emotional attachment Need fulfillment Irreplaceability Types of Relationships Types Some relationships fit into clean Some categories categories • parent, brother/sister, friend, fiance, parent, husband/wife, teacher husband/wife, Some relationships are blended • • • teacher who becomes friend teacher co-worker who becomes lover friend who becomes husband/wife Characteristics of Relationships Relationships Relationships vary in term of dimensions Relationships such as: such • • • • • • • • Voluntary vs. involuntary Romantic vs. platonic Satisfying vs. dissatisfying Long-term vs. short term Traditional vs. nontraditional Conflict avoiding vs. conflict engaging Male vs. female (sex) Male Masculine vs. feminine (gender) Needs and Goals in Relationships Relationships Three basic interpersonal needs: • • • Affection Social inclusion Behavioral Control Three basic goals in relationships: • Self-presentational • Relational • Instrumental Definition of Interpersonal Communication Interpersonal The exchange of verbal The and/or nonverbal messages between people, regardless of the relationship they share. relationship Principles of Interpersonal Communication Communication Interpersonal communication Interpersonal consists of verbal and nonverbal messages. messages. interpersonal settings. interpersonal One cannot not communicate in One not Every message contains both Every content and relational information. content Interpersonal communication can be effective or ineffective. Interpersonal communication can be symmetrical or asymmetrical. be Relational Communication Relational A subset of interpersonal subset communication that focuses on the expression and interpretation of messages within close relationships. relationships. Principles of Relational Communication Communication Relationships emerge across ongoing Relationships interactions. interactions. Relationships contextualize messages. Relational types overlap with one Relational another. another. Relational definitions and communication Relational episodes frame each other. episodes Characteristics of Relational Messages Relational Dominance/Submission Level of Intimacy Degree of Similarity Task-Social Orientation Formality/Informality Social Composure Emotional Arousal One final (sappy) thought about relationships . . . relationships Many people will walk in and out of Many your life, but only true friends will leave footprints on your heart. leave To handle yourself, use your head. To handle others, use your heart. ...
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