Classroom Universals - Intervention in School and Clinic

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http://isc.sagepub.com/ Intervention in School and Clinic http://isc.sagepub.com/content/43/3/179 The online version of this article can be found at: DOI: 10.1177/1053451207311678 2008 43: 179 Intervention in School and Clinic Robert P. Trussell Classroom Universals to Prevent Problem Behaviors Published by: Hammill Institute on Disabilities and http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at: Intervention in School and Clinic Additional services and information for http://isc.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://isc.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: at GEORGE MASON UNIV on February 16, 2011 isc.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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I NTERVENTION IN S CHOOL AND C LINIC V OL . 43, N O .3,J ANUARY 2008 ( PP . 179–185) 179 B EHAVIOR M ANAGEMENT Douglas Cheney, Dept. Editor The overarching intent of positive behavior support (PBS) is to create environments that support social and learning outcomes and in doing so prevent the occur- rence of problem behaviors. An essential feature in pro- viding PBS in schools includes the implementation of classroom universal practices designed for all students. Classroom universals are those organizational and teacher instructional practices that are essential in pre- venting the occurrence of problem behaviors while simultaneously increasing academic achievement. The purpose of this article is to provide clear descriptions and examples of classroom universals that, when applied con- sistently and collectively, help create safe and effective classrooms. Since the amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 1997, educational systems adopting the features of PBS have successfully addressed discipline problems for a substantial majority of students (Crone & Horner, 2003; Lewis, Newcomer, on each aspect of the school environment, including the classroom, and has demonstrated the value of applying a 3-tiered approach to early intervention and prevention of problem behaviors (Colvin, Kame’enui, & Sugai, 1993; Colvin, Sugai, Good, & Lee, 1997; Colvin, 1998; Sugai et al., 2000; Taylor-Greene, et al., three-tiered approach of PBS has been further validated in the reauthorization of IDEA in 2004, which encour- ages schools to incorporate Response to Intervention by providing levels of assessment and support to strug- gling students (National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, 2005). Positive behavior support is a general term that refers to the application of positive behavioral interventions and systems to achieve socially important behavior change (U.S. Department of Education, 2000). The overarching intent of PBS is to create environments that support © 2008 Hammill Institute on Disabilities 10.1177/1053451207311678 http://isc.sagepub.com
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course COMMUNICAT 301 taught by Professor Bogino during the Spring '11 term at George Mason.

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Classroom Universals - Intervention in School and Clinic

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