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History of Jazz part 2

History of Jazz part 2 - Test 2 DukeEllington o...

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Test 2 Duke Ellington o Learns from Miley, Beceht, and folk-oriented musicians o Works with individual musicians style and personalities as a composer o Compositions 30s-hundreds of pieces o Moods Exotic-“jungle style”, timbres, Latin rhythms Ballads- romantic, chromatic  Dance pieces- swing era bandleader- “Cotton Tail” (1940) Billy Strayhorn o “co-composer” o Pianist from Pittsburgh, PA o Joined band in 1938 and was usually behind the scenes o Homosexual o Style Exotic, chromatic music “Take the A Train” (1940) and “Satin Doll” (1953) Ellingtonians o Trombones- “Tricky Sam” Nanton, Juan Tizol, Lawrence Brown o Trumpet- Cootie Williams o Tenor Sax- Ben Webster o Alto Sax- Johnny Hodges o Baritone Sax- Harry Carney o Drums- Sonny Greer o Bass- Jimmy Blanton Kansas City Swing o KC- center of the southwest o Political boss- Tom Pendergast o “wide open”- gambling, alcohol, sex, music—jobs for musicians o Jam sessions Informal music: “after hours academy” Musicians music Head arrangements- not written: riffs created and harmonized—flexible:  potentially endless
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Boogie-woogie o Urban blues piano Left-hand: 8-beat groove Right hand: rhythmic contrast o Part of black urban life Territory Bands o Local bands o “territory”=day’s driving distance o Ex. Andy Kirk and his 12 Clouds of Joy and The Blue Devils Count Basie o Stride pianist from New Jersey o Vaudeville o Went to southwest circa 1930 o Was in the territory band of Benny Moten, 1931 Took over the band in 1935 when Moten died of a tonsillectomy 9 piece band o Style Simplifies Fletcher Henderson: “less is more” Soloists like Lester Young, Herschel Evans (tenor sax), Dickie Wells (trombone), Buck Clayton (trumpet), “Hot Lips” Page (trumpet), o His rhythm section-Basie (Piano), Walter Page (bass), Jo Jones (drums), Freddie Green (guitar) o Jo Jones changed the beat from the bass drum to the high hat cymbal Swing Era Soloists Coleman Hawkins- “Father of the Tenor Saxophone” o
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