History of Jazz part 3

History of Jazz part 3 - P art 3 Jazz Composer- Monk,...

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Part 3 Jazz Composer- Monk, Mingus, Evans, and Russell o Theloniuous Monk B. 1917 in NY Stride pianist and composer 40-43—pianist for Minton’s Playhouse Weird and eccentric personality, possibly autistic Style dissonant harmony with whole tone scales and tritones Rhythm: unpredictable, on the beat—not like bebop!! Clumsy—didn’t believe in mistakes Composer- challenging modernist pieces Solos=molten compositions Tunes=frozen improvisations o Charles Mingus B. 1922, LA From cello to bass Studied classical but listened to jazz Influenced by Duke Ellington and Charlie Parker Modernist compositions: extended and complex (cool) Black church and racial issues (hard bop) He was political Historicist- knew jazz history: tributes “Goodbye, Porkpie hat”- slow, dissonant blues-tribute to Lester Young “Jelly Roll” o George Russell B. 1923 Theorist and composer Scales in improvisation “Concerto for Billy the Kid”- Bill Evans (pianist)—dissonant harmonies with rhythm and improvisation o Gil Evans B. 1912 in Canada Composer’s arranger Concertos for individual musicians
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Jazz history “King Porter Stomp”—modern harmonies and rhythms Miles Davis o B. 1926 in E. St. Louis o Comes from a middle class family-father was a surgeon and politican o Went to Juilliard in NYC in 1944 o Rough education in bebop b/c he always had to play behind Bird o Bebop in lower register o Miles Davis Nonet (1949-1950) Quits Parker w/ Gil Evans “cool” style o Miles as cool Top trumpet, tours France Improvising style: restraint, delicacy Lower register with held back energy Harmon mute o Heroin junkie for a few years, but goes to his father’s farm and quits—back to jazz in 1954 o Miles as hard bop Horace Silver, Kenny Clarke, and J.J. Johnson “Walkin” (1954)—hard bop background with cool solo style o Modal improvisation—single scale or mode for improvising o Miles as bandleader 1955-1959 Many personalities, single unit “teaches” by listening and example o Miles Davis Quintet John Coltrane (tenor sax) Philly Joe Jones (drums) Paul Chambers (bass) Red Garland (piano) o Miles Davis Sextet (late 1950s) Adds Cannonball Adderley (alto sax) Wynton Kelly (piano) Bill Evans
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course MUSI 212 taught by Professor Deveaux during the Spring '06 term at UVA.

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History of Jazz part 3 - P art 3 Jazz Composer- Monk,...

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