Exam 2 review - Exam#2Answer 1 a (17961824 i ii iii iv

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Exam #2 Answer 1. a. Nomination by congressional caucus (1796-1824) i. Readily available and on hand ii. Candidates nominated by legislature iii. Pros-It was the only thing available at the time and the congressmen  were a national group with a lot of knowledge iv.  Cons- the nation wanted separation of powers and if the legislature  makes the decision for the nominees it threatens the balance of powers.  The President could become subordinate to Congress.  “King Caucus” b. Nomination by party convention (1836-1908) i. A national meeting which had broad representation from the state parties ii. Campaigning didn’t make much sense because the people didn’t vote iii. Pros- broad based meetings that allowed negotiations and deal making,  politically knowledgeable delegates iv. Cons- party controlled by party leaders and bosses. The bosses are  interested in staying in power, not what is good for the party. Patronage  jobs were controlled by bosses with bargains. The people were not very  notable c. Progressives system (1912-1968) i. Have a convention but the states will set up an election to elect delegates  to the convention by primaries ii. Candidates would then run and campaign for the nomination  iii. This will increase the stature of the leader iv. This process failed because only about half of the states adopted it d. Nomination by votes in primaries (1972-prest) i. The voters choose their candidate and he is nominated at the convention ii. Over the primaries the race would begin to narrow until it was down to  two and the favorite is chosen  iii. Convention is only used to formally announce the nominee and let him  make a speech outlining their goals 2. Polarization is when the people on both sides of the political spectrum believe firmly in  their own candidate and are firmly against the other one a. A lot of times based on issues of morality b. Polarized among elites (Fiorina) i. The people aren’t polarized but the media elite are pushing these  differences b/c  that is what they believe
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ii. Third political parties could put an end to this iii. Primaries cause a greater divide because the extremes vote in primaries c. Wilson i. Says there is polarization and says a lot of people are polarized ii. Reflected in our parties and the divisions between them iii. Being divided is dangerous to the nation d. We are separated in our political parties and they are more homogenous but we  are really no more divided as I the past, just more organized (Gauston) i. A good and healthy thing 3.
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