PLAP Final Study Guide

PLAP Final Study Guide - PLAP Final Study Guide 1. What is...

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PLAP Final Study Guide 1. What is the case for the small republic as the political arrangement most compatible with maintaining a republican form of government? What is the response of The Federalist ? What is the case for the large commercial Republic? Evaluate the arguments in favor of small and large Republics. A large republic provides more protection A small republic provides for more public virtue In a small republic people know that their actions reflect the whole In a small republic people have homogeneous beliefs Fed 10 and 51- faction is the problem with democracy o The history of a small republic was not successful o There was always two factions and one overpowered the other o If there are multiple faction in a large republic the faction will not represent the majority o There will be coalitions, but they will always change so no one groups always has the power o Madison thought that when you elect reps. That are slightly better than yourself then they can prevent factions o Accept selfishness and that there cannot always be virtue 2. What are some of the arguments of the Founders, as discussed in the article by Carey McWilliams, that go beyond the discussion of self–interest that is stressed in Federalist 10 and Federalist 51? 3. Would it be a good idea to rewrite the American Constitution every 18 years, as Thomas Jefferson suggested? Jefferson thought that it would be good because each generation is sovereign to itself. Each generation knows more that the previous and you can only consent to it, if you ratify it. Madison thought it was a bad idea o Better to write a good one and lock into it o Can still alter it o There is progress in political science but not near as much as in the other sciences o It would be hard to always get people to consent o The caliber of human beings that was present during the founding is not always there 1. What purposes are served by a federal arrangement and by a decentralization of power to the states and localities? What are the advantages and disadvantages of a greater reliance on states and localities in governing the nation? Federalism- protect from local and state government from getting too much power Dual federalism- the federal government has its powers and so does the state If the states have more power it is more democratic because it is closer to home—it allows for greater heterogeneity—more people can participate in government and in a more significant ways
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States should have less power o They have historically been unjust o We should all be treated the same way 2. What were the different understandings of the Founding and the Declaration of Independence found in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates? What did the controversy between Lincoln and Douglas show about the status of Natural Law or Right in American Government? Douglas
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PLAP Final Study Guide - PLAP Final Study Guide 1. What is...

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