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Sociology Review 2

Sociology Review 2 - Sociology Exam2StudyGuide societytakes

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Sociology Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 16- Globalization in a Changing World Social change- the transformation over time of the institutions and culture of a society The existence of distinct political agencies strongly affects the course of development a  society takes A leader capable of pursuing dynamic policies and generating a mass following or  radically altering preexisting modes of thought can overturn a previously established  order Postindustrial society- referring to the sense that we are moving beyond the old forms of  industrial development The advocates of postmodernity claim that modern societies took their inspiration from  the ideas that history has a shape—it “goes somewhere” and leads to progress—and  that now this notion has collapsed Social movements- collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common  goal through action outside the sphere of established institutions social movements rely heavily on the use of information technology Marx said the development of societies is marked by periodic class conflicts that, when  they become acute, then to end in a process of revolutionary change. Social protest, and ultimately revolution, is more likely to occur, Davies argued, when  there is an improvement in people’s living conditions. Once standards of living have  started to rise, people’s levels of expectation also go up/ Relative deprivation—the discrepancy between the lives people are forced to lead and  what they think they could realistically be achieved Charles Tilly- four main components of collective action o Organization o Mobilization o Common interests o Opportunity
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