pos2041 final - Caucus meeting of candidates supporters who...

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Caucus- meeting of candidates supporters who choose delegates to a state or national convention Begins with party meetings held in each town or precinct in the state. Select delegates to county, congressional district, or state conventions, and it is only these latter meetings that national convention delegates are chosen Caucuses differ from primaries because they take longer, their rules are more complicated, and they require participants to make a public expression of their candidate preferences ( rather than casting a secret ballot). Smaller turnout. Primaries brings about 20-30 percent and caucuses bring 1 or 2 percent Primary election or primary-Elections held for the purpose of selecting or instructing national convention delegates Superdelegates- certain party leaders-members of the US house and senate, governors, members of the national committee- who became automatic or ex-officio delegates. Matching funds- public moneys (from $3 check-offs on income tax returns) that the Federal Election Commission distributes to primary candidates according to a pre-specified formula. To help make up for some of the money candidates lost because of the contribution limits. FECA also set up a system of federal subsidies to presidential nomination contenders. refers to the money a presidential candidate is given by federal government to match the money they have raised personally. Candidates can expect up to US$250 extra from public funds for each contribution from an individual they receive. Political activists- people who regularly participate in politics, they are more interested in and committed to particular issues and candidates than are ordinary citizens, can exert more influence in the nomination contests than they can in general elections, where turnout is much higher. The people who work in campaigns, donate money to candidates, and help mobilize other voters. Soft money- money contributed by interest groups, labor unions and individual donors that is not subject to federal regulation. The reason why these contributions are not regulated is that the money is not given to the candidates who are subject to FECA restrictions, but to party committees with more flexibility regarding the contributions they may accept and how they may spend them. 527s- political organizations formed primarily to influence elections and therefore exempt from most federal taxes Electoral votes- cast by electors, with each state receiving one vote for each of its members in the House of Representative and one vote for each of its members in the Senate. Determines who will be the next nation’s chief executive.
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Popular vote- the total vote cast across the nation for a candidate ( does not necessarily become President.) Winner-take-all voting- any voting- any voting procedure in which the candidate with the most votes gets all of the seats or delegates at stake. Party identification- a persons subjective feeling of affiliation with a party
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course POS 2041 taught by Professor Rosenson during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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pos2041 final - Caucus meeting of candidates supporters who...

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