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Unformatted text preview: Encoding LT M (Explicit): Elaboration Focus on meaning of information to encode it into LTM Dont simply repeat items over and over Tie item to other info in memory Freuds oral phase reminds me of my smoking friend Susie; Freuds anal phase reminds me of my friend Will Bartlett; Freuds genital phase reminds me of everyone in my fraternity Known as elaborative rehearsal Ways to use Elaboration Actively question new information Think about its implications Relate information to things you already know Generate own examples of concepts Dont highlight passage as you read Focus on the ideas in the text Retrieval: Context-Dependent Memory Improved ability to remember if tested in the same environment as the initial learning environment: Examples: Rooms, Smells (mothballs v Chocolate, Underwater, Mood, Substances, Time of day Retrieval Failures: Interference-When learning some items disrupts retrieval of other items-Proactive (forward acting) Interference...
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- Fall '08