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Unformatted text preview: Encoding LT M (Explicit): Elaboration • Focus on meaning of information to encode it into LTM –Don’t simply repeat items over and over –Tie item to other info in memory • “Freud’s oral phase reminds me of my smoking friend Susie; Freud’s anal phase reminds me of my friend Will Bartlett; Freud’s genital phase reminds me of everyone in my fraternity” –Known as elaborative rehearsal Ways to use Elaboration • Actively question new information –Think about its implications • Relate information to things you already know • Generate own examples of concepts • Don’t highlight passage as you read –Focus on the ideas in the text Retrieval: Context-Dependent Memory • Improved ability to remember if tested in the same environment as the initial learning environment: –Examples: Rooms, Smells (mothballs v Chocolate, Underwater, Mood, Substances, Time of day Retrieval Failures: Interference-When learning some items disrupts retrieval of other items-Proactive (forward acting) Interference...
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- Fall '08
- Anal stage, Psychosexual development, terference