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Psych 101 Lecture 13 - T hink ing Cognition Mental...

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Thinking • Cognition : –Mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating –Most research on thinking in psychology involves “cognitive errors” • Concepts –Mental groupings of similar objects -Schemas A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information Representativeness heuristic: –Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match prototypes • Hindsight Bias –Tendency to believe you “knew it all along” only after discovering the answer. •Confirmation Bias: –Tendency to search for information that confirms one’s perceptions •Overconfidence: –Tendency to be more confident of answer than is warranted • Functional fixedness –Tendency to think of problems only in terms of their usual functions Framing –The way an issue is posed effects how we judge it •Ex: 75% fat free or 25% fat Why do we fear the wrong things?
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