Psych 101 Lecture 15

Psych 101 Lecture 15 - Unconscious • According to Freud a...

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Motivation: 4 major ideas Motivation - A need or desire that energized and directs behavior 1. Drive-reduction (behaviorist)- The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need (food, water, sex, etc) 2. Psychoanalytic 3. Maslow 4. Stages of Change Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa o When a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly (> 15%) underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve: usually an adolescent female Bulimia Nervosa o Disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise How do we explain complex motivations? • According to the psychoanalytic perspective, 2 ideas explain complicated motivations and associated behavior: We have both conscious and unconscious motivations Motivational conflict The Psychoanalytic Perspective
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Unformatted text preview: Unconscious • According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memories • According to the “iceberg” or topical model, we are motivated to satisfy the id’s drives and the superego’s/ego ideal’s mandates. This is accomplished through the ego and usually involves compromise. • Example: Eating disorder • Example: Fetish • Example: Desire to be a lawyer /doctor etc • Ultimately for Freud, the Oedipal Complex and the superego/ego ideal is the primary driving force behind personality What the research says Explicit motivation • Consciously stated goals Implicit motivation • Unconscious goals • 3 types: o –Achievement o –Intimacy o –Power Stages of Change: Motivational Interviewing in Psychotherapy 5 Stages of Change: • Pre-contemplation • Contemplation • Preparation • Action • Maintenance...
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Psych 101 Lecture 15 - Unconscious • According to Freud a...

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