Organic Lab #3

Organic Lab #3 - Wong, Benny 1 SN1 Lab # 2 Purpose The aim...

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Wong, Benny SN1 Lab # 2 Purpose The aim of this experiment is to convert tert -butanol into tert -buytl chloride with hydrochloric acid via a S N 1 mechanism. Balanced Equations (CH 3 ) 3 COH + HCl (CH 3 ) 3 CCl + H 2 O Reaction Mechanism Table 1: Physical Properties and Hazards of Chemicals used Molecular Formula Molecular Weight (g/ mol) Boiling Point (ºC) Melting Point (ºC) Density (g/cm 3) Ill Effects Water H 2 O 18.02 100 0 1.00 None tert- butanol C 4 H 9 OH 74.12 82 25 0.78 Skin/eye irritation, headache, tert-buytl chloride C 4 H 9 Cl 92.57 51 -26 0.84 Skin/eye irritation Hydrochlor ic Acid HCl 36.46 110 -27.32 1.18 Can burn eyes and skin 2-methyl propene C 4 H 8 56.11 -6.9 140 0.59 None 1
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Wong, Benny Limiting Reagent The limiting reagent is the alcohol , tert -butanol. Mol reactant (CH 3 ) 3 COH Mol reactant HCl required Mol reactant HCl used Conclusion 0.053 0.053 0.18 HCl is excess T-butanol is limiting 0.053 mol t-butanol * (1 mol HCl / 1 mol t-butanol) = 0.053 HCl required Theoretical Yield
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Organic Lab #3 - Wong, Benny 1 SN1 Lab # 2 Purpose The aim...

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