history565kimsmith - History 565 Final Exam Autumn 2010...

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History 565 Final Exam Autumn 2010 section 25198 Kim Smith The film, The Negro Solider: In 1944 the war department released the propaganda film The Negro Solider . It was a film that the army wanted made and was thus put together by the government. The film begins in a black church on Sunday; the choir is singing lead by a black solider. There is a flag hanging in the church dedicated to members who are fighting in WWII. The preacher dedicates his sermon to discussing the war and the African American soldier. He starts off talking about all of the contributions that African American soldiers have made towards various battles throughout history, such as the Boston Massacre. He references Hitler’s Mein Kampf and the discrimination Hitler has against African Americans. The film then goes on to show blacks serving in the military and giving their all towards the war effort. Towards the end of the film a member of the church reads a letter from her son who is in the military and describes what he has gone through and how he is on his way to becoming an officer. The film portrayed a positive view of African Americans at the time of war; it showed black Americans being involved throughout history, failing to mention slavery. There was no mention of racism or discrimination either. The film included light skinned African Americans and gave the illusion of an integrated army, when in reality the army was very segregated and crimes were still being committed against blacks. It glossed over how hard war really was, the film elicited emotions from blacks enticing them to join the war effort. There were some positives and negatives to the film, it ended race films and in general there were positive reactions from white audiences. Yet it ended up raising expectations for African Americans. There would be changes to come for blacks but it would take time and the film was just another form of propaganda to show the illusion of a united America during the time of war.
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Second Red Scare: Following World War II from 1947 to 1954 many Americans feared communism they were afraid that the Soviet Union would spread communism throughout the United States. Fear was the result of domestic politics and a top down movement; there were many more agencies and institutions involved in the second red scare, companies had to prove that they were innocent and that they weren’t engaged in un-American activities. In 1947 FELP (Federal employee loyalty program) was established. It established loyalty boards in every company to clear employees of suspicions. A list was created for suspected employees being communists. From 1947-1951 the House of Un-American Activities Committee investigated Hollywood screenwriters, they argued that screenwriters were inserting procommunist propaganda into their films. The Hollywood 10 as they would become known refused to cooperate and refused to testify. They were presumed guilty by association and black listed and they would find it hard to find jobs. In 1948 Alger Hiss a formed State Department official was
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course CHEM 101 taught by Professor Stegemiller during the Spring '07 term at Ohio State.

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history565kimsmith - History 565 Final Exam Autumn 2010...

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