Comprehensive Paper

Comprehensive Paper - Does Physical Inactivity lead to...

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Does Physical Inactivity lead to Obesity? 1 Comprehensive Paper 10/1/2010 Melissa Harrison, RN, ADN
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Does Physical Inactivity lead to Obesity? 2 Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine what factors contribute to childhood obesity. Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. It occurs when a child is well above the normal weight for his or her age and height. Childhood obesity is particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once confined to adults, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. (RWJF, 2007) This is a qualitative study with 24 adolescents with a body mass index equal to or greater than the 95 th percentile. Semi structured interviews were conducted. The adolescents identified genetics as the main cause of obesity. They reported problems with physical activity and also reported they were not making efforts to lose weight. Interventions should be put into practice to educate parents and adolescents to learn proper nutrition and the need to increase physical activity in an effort to decrease the number of adult onset diseases in obese children. Descriptors: Adolescent; Obesity; Body Weight; Physical Inactivity Introduction Adolescence is a critical period in life, characterized by important physical and psychological changes. Along with adults, children have been victims of the epidemic in overweight and obesity for over thirty years. Some of the participants indicated that their parents are obese or had a history of childhood obesity. Obesity also seems to be associated with chronic diseases such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and arthritis. Health care providers are reporting increases in diagnosis of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and hypertension in children that are usually diagnosed in adults. “Sixty-one percent of obese children ages 5-10 and 58 percent of obese children and adolescents
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Does Physical Inactivity lead to Obesity? 3 ages 11-17 have one or more risk factors for cardiovascular disease”. (RWJF, 2007) The root cause of obesity is more calories and less exercise. Of course, “hormone issues along with genetic predisposition do play a role in obesity; however, studies point to gradual changes in lifestyles, a rise in calorie consumption, less nutritious foods, and a lack of activity”. (Paoletti, 2007) Approximately “one in ten children and adults eat a healthy diet”. (RWJF, 2007)
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course NUR 2301 taught by Professor Mickles during the Spring '11 term at Winston Salem State.

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Comprehensive Paper - Does Physical Inactivity lead to...

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