lecture notes through mid term

lecture notes through mid term - Introductory Sociology...

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Introductory Sociology Lecture Notes: Spring 2011 Social Theory Background: the Importance of Theory to Science A. Definition of Theory 1. General definition of theory: Common Sense explanation of something 2. Scientific theory: tested with evidence 3. e.g. VCR—borrow from something already know B. Why important 1. explains something important 2. gives insight beneath surface 3. heart of any science II. Origins Sociological Theory/Sociology as Discipline A. Industrial Revolution 1. Division of Labor a. Changes: agrarian vs industrial Urban vs Rural: -game against nature vs game with people self-sufficiency vs interdependence animals/plants vs machines/technology b. examples of impact of changes time Distance Death c. most important change: (specialization)-efficiency MORE SOCIAL with an advanced Division of labor 2. Modern Social Problems urban poverty replaces rural poverty who gets blamed: other people squeaky wheel carborator/fuel injection 3. Scientific Method III. Theorists: A. Comte: late 18 th century early 19 th crazy gave sociology its name social dynamics vs social statics B. Spenser 19 th century
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cranky England remind of poverty in streets take to window Solution: Nothing Laissez-faire Biology: Darwin: Survival of fittest Dinosaur bones Conservative insight: welfare unintended consequences society as biological organism C. Marx: 19 th century; sociology in underground 1. political contrast: response to poverty—window 2. Communism 3. Sociology of Marx a. Conflict b. Economic determinist: economic system primary c. classes: have’s vs have-nots (stratification) previous societies: feudal and slave d. ideology: ideas as reflections $ D. Durkheim: late 19 th early 20 th : similar background Marx, BUT university professor 1. Order: key under disorder—stability 2. France: endured—church bells soldier’s drums 3. Forces of integration: Forms of Solidarity (Social Glue) a. Organic solidarity: Division of labor: organs in body b. Mechanical solidarity: similar beliefs 1. religion 2. patriotism 4. Culture: a. nature of culture: ideas in head b. emotional and irrational what die for 1. eg.s Patriotism whose country is best / flag national anthem 2. ritual: source of emotion football: Greenbay Texas E. Weber: late 19 th early 20 th cynical Marx: contrast Marx and Weber
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1. Conflict like Marx but more cynical 2. Power: define (ability to get, against resistance ) A. types of power: a. economic b. political: means of violence c. status 3. rationalization/bureaucratization IV. Modern Social Theory A. Chart: 1. Theory 2. Theorist 3. Model 4. important part 5. strength 6. weakness B. Functionalist C. Conflict D. Interactionist
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Robinson during the Spring '11 term at Grossmont.

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lecture notes through mid term - Introductory Sociology...

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