Peru wasin a state of anarchy; and each party having demanded acontribution, the poor town of Iquique was in tribulation, thinkingthe evil hour was come. In this island there is a largebay-like space, composed of the finest white sand: it is quitelevel and is only covered by the tide at high water; from thislarge bay smaller creeks penetrate the surrounding woods. PLATE 74. In the midst of such scenery we anchored at Cape Turn,close to Mount Sarmiento, which was then hidden in the clouds. Two spears were stuck in the groundtwenty-five yards apart, but they were struck and entangled onlyonce in four or five times. Berkeley Sound. Excepting near the lagoon, wherethere is some sand, the land is entirely composed of roundedfragments of coral. Fuegians. Traces of Indian habitations have been discovered inmany other parts, where it does not appear probable that they wereused as mere resting-places, but yet where the land is as utterlyunfit for any kind of cultivation as it is near the Tambillos or atthe Incas Bridge, or in the Portillo Pass, at all which places Isaw ruins. If Buffon had known of thegigantic sloth and armadillo-like animals, and of the lostPachydermata, he might have said with a greater semblance of truththat the creative force in America had lost its power, rather thanthat it had never possessed great vigour. There ismuch, as Dr. Bushby ina hectoring manner, saying, "A great chief, a great man, a friendof mine, has come to pay me a visit--you must give him somethinggood to eat, some fine presents, etc. Geese. A large Voluta is abundant insouthern Tierra del Fuego and the Falkland Islands. The elements of the scenery are so simplethat they are worth mentioning, as a proof on what triflingcircumstances exquisite natural beauty depends. The prosperity of the placehas much declined of late years. Caldcleugh most kindly assisted me in every possible way in makingthe little preparations which were necessary. Kangaroo-hunting. Priestley has described someimperfect siliceous tubes and a melted pebble of quartz, found indigging into the ground, under a tree, where a man had been killedby lightning. The booby lays her eggs on the bare rock; butthe tern makes a very simple nest with seaweed. On several occasions I enjoyed some short but most pleasantexcursions in the neighbouring country.
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- Fall '18
- Falkland Islands, Jago, East Falkland, Cape de Verds, thelarge quadrupeds