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Black Power Notes - Birmingham • On Sept 15 1963 the...

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Sit-ins Greensboro Lunch Counter Sit-ins (1960) Ella J. Baker (June, 1960) “Bigger than a Hamburger” The inclination toward group-centered leadership Ella Baker SNCC 1940s (NAACP); 1950s (SCLC); 1960s (SNCC) “Baker left the SCLC after the Greensboro sit-ins. She wanted to help new student activists and organized a meeting at Shaw University A Movement in Transition: SNCC SNCC went through three stages. First: 1960 to 1963 (Sit-ins and Freedom Rides) Second: 1963 to 1964 (Freedom Summer) A time of transition which sparked a reconsideration of nonviolence Nearly 1,000 volunteers worked in Mississippi that summer. During those months 6 people, were killed, 80 beaten, 35 churches burned, and 30 other buildings bombed Freedom Rides Define: The Freedom Riders left Washington D.C. on May 4, 1961, They were scheduled to arrive in New Orleans on May 17. the sevent “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King Jr. Alabama Centennial , Naomi Long Madgett
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Unformatted text preview: Birmingham: • On Sept. 15, 1963, the all-Black Sixteenth Street Baptist Church was bombed. Sunday school was in session. • Handout: o “Ballad of Birmingham” • Nina Simone o “Mississippi Goddam” Freedom Summer • Mississippi—summer 1964 • Successes: The Mississippi project established fifty Freedom Schools to carry on community organizing • Made blacks realize that integration through nonviolence was no longer working and it deepened the feelings of the civil rights struggle Black power • June 1966 • March against Fear in Mississippi o James Meredith, in 1962 became the first black man to attend the University of Mississippi o Stokley Carmichael—June 16: “ I ain’t going to jail no more.”…“What we gonna start saying now is “black power.” • Stokley Carmichael “What We Want” • September 22, 1966 • Black Panthers o October 1966 (H. Newton & B. Seale) o BP Ten Point Program...
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