In ashort time we were surrounded by a large group of the nearly pureIndian inhabitants. All thesespeculations, however, must be vague; for who will pretend to saythat there may not have been several periods of subsidence,intercalated between the movements of elevation? for we know thatalong the whole coast of Patagonia there have certainly been manyand long pauses in the upward action of the elevatory forces. Assoon as all was ready, large fires were kept blazing, round whichthe women and children were collected as spectators; the Cockatooand King George's men formed two distinct parties, and generallydanced in answer to each other. )Nam simul expletus dapibus, vinoque sepultusCervicem inflexam posuit, jacuitque per antrumImmensus, saniem eructans, ac frusta cruentaPer somnum commixta mero. bones of. Weatherboard, New South Wales. The common horsefly, which is so troublesome in the shadylanes of England, belongs to this same genus. The result of all theattempts to colonise this side of America south of 41 degrees hasbeen miserable. Having now finished with Patagonia and the Falkland Islands, I willdescribe our first arrival in Tierra del Fuego. If this character were owing merely to immigrants from America,there would be little remarkable in it; but we see that a vastmajority of all the land animals, and that more than half of theflowering plants, are aboriginal productions. Wepassed the only house in this neighbourhood, the Estancia ofChaquaio: and at sunset we pulled up in the first snug corner, andthere bivouacked. It is equally improbable that the elevatoryforces should have uplifted throughout the above vast areas,innumerable great rocky banks within 20 to 30 fathoms, or 120 to180 feet, of the surface of the sea, and not one single point abovethat level; for where on the whole face of the globe can we find asingle chain of mountains, even a few hundred miles in length, withtheir many summits rising within a few feet of a given level, andnot one pinnacle above it? If then the foundations, whence theatoll-building corals sprang, were not formed of sediment, and ifthey were not lifted up to the required level, they must ofnecessity have subsided into it; and this at once solves thedifficulty.
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- Fall '18
- Tierra del Fuego