1.11.11 - Sociology102 15:13 ,socialinstitutions,ansocial...

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Sociology 102 15:13 Sociology is the systematic study of society, social institutions, an social  interactions Macro or structural perspective Micro or interactional perspective 1. Macro or Structural Economy, state (centrally governing bodies of region), educational system o Neighborhoods, families, work places Large elaborated systems that structure the flow of people, resources ($), and  power People have different social statuses and are understood in different socially  constructed categories o People  stratified  by these categories Stratification: Ladders and Pies Stratification means there are some people on top with more power,  resources, money, prestige and some on the bottom There are many lines of stratification: o Class, race gender, sexuality, age (different amount of ex. Money based  on age) o Social inequality  2. Micro or interactional Day to day interactions often structured by unofficial rules about behavior and  even feeling (close talking) Sociologist: Erving Goffman (how do people decide who moves over when  walking towards each other on the sidewalk) o Stages, roles, and scripts metaphore On stage v. backstage (performances work in school v. at home or in  private) Set of behaviors expected of us in our different roles
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Props help create performance Certain things you say and how you act Scripts are unwritten rules (“appropriate scripts”) o Impression management Trying to act the role correctly and managing how others perceive us  (impressions) Ex: Job interview o Studied non-observance Thinking about what do we do when someone breaks the rule  Ex: Seinfeld they backed away and didn’t say anything Noticing and deciding not to notice  - ignoring when people break the  rules
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