1.13.11 - Sociology102 15:11...

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Sociology 102 15:11 5 Basic assumptions people make about childhood Shape questions sociologists ask about childhood “New” Sociology of Childhood- 5 Basic Tenets: 1 1. Childhood is socially constructed o There are many childhoods Tween, toddler, kid, baby, teenager Varying of name by age Some are economically cut-offs o Time and space shape childhood 2. Childhood is a social category and a social status o People designated as children are treated differently in society than those  designated s adults o Based on being labeled as a status of child 3. Children have agency o Socialization is multi-directional. Kids affect adults, each other, and the  social world o Socialization not only a process of internalization but one of appropriation  reinvention, reproduction Kids are active and create and are social actors in the world (make a  difference) 4. Children are social actors in their own right with social worlds in need  of study in and of themselves o Children are not simply pre-actors preparing for “real”/ adult social life  Kids have an affect in economy- affect what their parents buy and mow  lawns, baby sit, and others o Children have their own cultures worthy of study
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They make their own rhymes, songs and games 5. Children are also similar to adults o Children (like adults) are active participants in organized and institutional  activities o Children are affected by major societal developments and events o Children are agentic actors like adults Sociological Research Methods Sociology is based on  empirical  research o Gets its data from going out in the real world, observation of social world o Data gathered systematically by a series of scientific principles o Sociology is not just opinion o Sociology must consider the ways their data are shaped by the researcher Research Approaches Deductive o Specific question o Hypothesis Independent variable-> dependent variable Socio-economic class-> career aspirations o Method o Operationalizes variables- turning class background into something you  can measure (based on money you or parents make) Measure career aspirations- surveys o Chooses a sample
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Who are you going to ask? o
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1.13.11 - Sociology102 15:11...

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