1.20.11 - Sociology102 15:11 Agency,Consent,Rights Examples...

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Sociology 102 15:11 Historical Context Matters for Children’s Lives Agency, Consent, Rights Examples: o Laboring Children 1800-1930 o Child Savers and Orphan Train Children 1850-1930 o “Modern Youth” of the 1920s Laboring Children The Industrial Revolution -> affluence for the middle class and a  protected  childhood for middle class Industrial Revolution-> dependence on  child labor for poor and new  immigrant families o A child brought 20% of family income average Children always worked: o On family farm o African-American children as slaves o Girls tending younger children o Girls as domestic help/servants for affluent o Teenage boys as apprentices- to learn trade or practice Industrial Revolution made child labor visible (to child savors, public, and  government) Factory, mill, and mining work included: o Extremely long days away from family o Subjection to abuse- hit and whipped to work more o Dangerous conditions- equipment, environment o Very poor pay “Child Savers” worked with unions for the “family wage” and the possibility of  a “protected” childhood for all children Children also worked to change conditions, participated in strikes o Tended for boys to be more involved 
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National Child Labor Committee passed first national child labor law in 1904
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course SOC 102 taught by Professor Mcginn during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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1.20.11 - Sociology102 15:11 Agency,Consent,Rights Examples...

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