2.8.11 - 21:10 SociologyofGender Children,ChildhoodandGender

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21:10 Sociology of Gender Children, Childhood and Gender Socio-Developmental View Parent Socialization Schools and Peers Sociological Perspectives of Gender Gender is socially constructed Gender is not biological Gender differences are few and are socially constructed o Research consistently finds there are more differences among girls and  among boys than there are between girls and boys. Traditional view o Sex = biology of male/female; XX or XY Gender = the social, cultural meanings given to sex o Masculine, feminine, man, woman Critique of the traditional view o The idea of 2 sexes is also socially constructed Nature offers more than two categories XXX, XXY, XYY Genetics, genitals, chromosomes don’t always line up When inconsistent bodies are “fixed” medical specialty of tending  doctor determines the “real” sex. (Kessler)
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Endocrinologists make girls Urologist make boys “Doing Gender” (West and Zimmerman 1989) o Gender is an accomplishment, activity, something we do o Gender performances vary by interaction, situation, context o If we do it “wrong” we are held accountable and sanctioned o We all do gender everyday, all the time, often unconsciously, because  we’ve gotten good at it. Doing Gender continued… How do we do gender? o We know rules of interaction o We know gender norms Hegemonic masculinity Strength, makes the money, facial hair, athletic Ideal femininity Caregiver, dainty, thin, subordinate o The situation often provides tools for doing gender Different sex bathroom In a preschool – different toys “for girls” and “for boys” Gender Inequality Gender is not only something we “do” but is also a status Men often have more power, resources, prestige than women
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course SOC 102 taught by Professor Mcginn during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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2.8.11 - 21:10 SociologyofGender Children,ChildhoodandGender

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